Biologically, plants are multicellular organisms. Most plants are green because they obtain most of their energy from sunlight. Their leaves contain chlorophyll, a green pigment that gives them their color. Other plants lack chlorophyll and do not photosynthesize, but they still produce fruits, flowers, seeds, and reproduce sexually. Their reproductive system consists of reproduction by means of pollination and seeds. They are classified as either dicotyledonous or monocotyledonous.

While most gardeners think of xeriscaping when thinking of plants, xeriscaping is different from xeriscaping. This type of landscaping requires arid environments and is not suitable for New Hampshire’s variable climate. Drought tolerant plants, however, can tolerate our humid climate. But if we can’t have perfect climate conditions for these plants, we’ll still have to choose a plant species that is tolerant of dry conditions.

Animals can also eat plants and have their own needs. Most animals can’t convert energy from the sun into food so they have to consume plants or other animals. A giant redwood tree is a prime example. They can reach fifteen stories high and be 3,500 years old. Almost all plants reproduce by using pollen from other plants. Some plants use their flowers to attract certain animals to help them spread their seeds. If the light is too intense, the soil will dry out, making the plant die.

Modern vascular plants first appeared during the Silurian period. In the Devonian Period, they diversified into numerous terrestrial environments. This is when they began to develop vascular tissues to transport food and water. Later, they evolved roots. Modern vascular plants have long, branched sporophytes. Paleozoic gametophytes are as complex as sporophytes. They evolved to become more compact and prominent in the life cycle.

A plant can grow anywhere on Earth. Most are rooted in one place and cannot move, but some are mobile. Some are even able to rotate their leaves towards the sun. They can even respond to touch. Most of their cell walls are made of cellulose. Plants have a sporophyte and gametophyte generation, which alternates between two generations. A plant can grow to be three meters tall. The tallest basil plant is 3.34 m tall.

While plants are important to the environment, they need water in order to survive. Photosynthesis requires water, which travels through stems to chloroplasts in leaves. Water helps move nutrients from the soil into the plant. Too little water or too much water can cause wilting and root rot. A plant can absorb a little water through its leaves, but most of its water intake comes through its roots. In addition to absorbing water, plants also produce sugars, metabolites, and fatty acids.

In general, plants are classified into two main groups. Vascular plants have true leaves, while non-vascular plants don’t. These plants must be near water to grow. The non-vascular plants are also known as bryophytes, such as mosses and liverworts. Some types of vascular plants have specialized reproductive organs that are protected by non-reproductive tissues. This makes them ideal for cultivation. In addition, they are able to produce flowers.